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Summary

The Chart shows the countries which participate in The ISAAC, with a link to those which have published its results. When you click in a citation a new window appears showing Medline Abstract.
 

Worlwide Outcomes

America

Europe

Africa

Asia

Oceany

Statements and commentaries

Comparison between countries and ecological studies

Worldwide outcomes

VID

 

Argentina
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Guatemala
USA
Mexico
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Trinidad&To
Uruguay

Albania
Germany
Austria
Belgium
Croatia
Estonia
Spain
Finland
France
Greece
Holland
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Lithuania
Malta
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Rumania
Russia
Sweden
Switzerl.
Turkey

Ukraine
United Kng

Algeria
Egipto
Ethiopia
Kenya
Morocco
Mozambiq
Nigeria
South Africa
Tunis
Saudi Arab
Bangladesh
China
South Korea
Emir Arabes
Philippines
Georgia
India
Indonesia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Libanus
Malaysia
Nepal
Oman
Palestine
Qatar
Korea
Singapore
Thailand
Taiwan
Tibet
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Australia
N. Zealand


 

Global Outcomes

Statements and commentaries

Ellwood P, Asher MI, Beasley R, Clayton TO, Stewart AW; ISAAC Steering Committee.
The international study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC: phase three rationale and methods.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005 Jan;9(1):10-6.

Weiland SK, Bjorksten B, Brunekreef B, Cookson WO, von Mutius E, Strachan DP.
Phase II of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC II): rationale and methods.
Eur Respir J. 2004 Sep;24(3):406-12.

Crane J, Mallol J, Beasley R, Stewart A, Asher MI; International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase I study group. Agreement between written and video questions for comparing asthma symptoms in ISAAC. Eur Respir J. 2003 Mar;21(3):455-61.

Asher MI, Keil U, Anderson HR, Beasley R, Crane J, Martinez F, Mitchell EA, Pearce N, Sibbald B, Stewart AW, et al. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods.
Eur Respir J. 1995 Mar;8(3):483-91

Shaw R, Woodman K, Ayson M, Dibdin S, Winkelmann R, Crane J, Beasley R, Pearce N. Measuring the prevalence of bronchial hyper-responsiveness in children.
Int J Epidemiol. 1995 Jun;24(3):597-602.

Jenkins MA, Clarke JR, Carlin JB, Robertson CF, Hopper JL, Dalton MF, Holst DP, Choi K, Giles GG. Validation of questionnaire and bronchial hyperresponsiveness against respiratory physician assessment in the diagnosis of asthma.
Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Jun;25(3):609-16

Lewis S. ISAAC--a hypothesis generator for asthma? International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.
Lancet. 1998 Apr 25;351(9111):1220-1. No abstract available.

Asher MI, Weiland SK. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). ISAAC Steeriing Committee. Clin Exp Allergy. 1998 Nov;28 Suppl 5:52-66; discussion 90-1.

Gibson PG, Henry R, Shah S, Toneguzzi R, Francis JL, Norzila MZ, Davies H. Validation of the ISAAC video questionnaire (AVQ3.0) in adolescents from a mixed ethnic background. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000 Aug;30(8):1181-7.

Comparisons between countries and ecological studies

Williams H, Stewart A, von Mutius E, Cookson W, Anderson HR; International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase One and Three Study Groups. Is eczema really on the increase worldwide?J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Apr;121(4):947-54.e15.

Foliaki S, Annesi-Maesano I, Daniel R, Fakakovikaetau T, Magatongia M, Tuuau-Potoi N, Waqatakirewa L, Cheng SK, Pearce N.
Prevalence of symptoms of childhood asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in the Pacific: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).
Allergy. 2007 Mar;62(3):259-64.

Pearce N, Douwes J.
The global epidemiology of asthma in children.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb;10(2):125-32. Review.

Mallol J, Castro-Rodriguez JA.
Differences in prevalence of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema between parental and self-completed questionnaires in adolescents.
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2006 May;41(5):482-7.

Marc N, Bernard AM.
Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe.
Occup Environ Med. 2006 Jul 17

Weiland SK, Husing A, Strachan DP, Rzehak P, Pearce N; ISAAC Phase One Study Group.
Climate and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in children.
Occup Environ Med. 2004 Jul;61(7):609-15

Mallol J.Satellite symposium: Asthma in the World. Asthma among children in Latin America] Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2004 May-Jun;32(3):100-3. Spanish. 
PHASE 3

Weiland SK, Husing A, Strachan DP, Rzehak P, Pearce N; ISAAC Phase One Study Group.Climate and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in children. Occup Environ Med. 2004 Jul;61(7):609-15. 

Foliaki S, Nielsen SK, Bjorksten B, Von Mutius E, Cheng S, Pearce N; ISAAC Phase I Study Group. Antibiotic sales and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Jun;33(3):558-63. Epub 2004 Mar 11.  Worlwide

Burr ML, Emberlin JC, Treu R, Cheng S, Pearce NE; ISAAC Phase One Study Group.Pollen counts in relation to the prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma and atopic eczema in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).  Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Dec;33(12):1675-80. Worlwide

Meerwaldt R, Odink RJ, Landaeta R, Aarts F, Brunekreef B, Gerritsen J, Van Aalderen WM, Hoekstra MO.A lower prevalence of atopy symptoms in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002 Feb;32(2):254-5.

Shirtcliffe P, Weatherall M, Beasley R.An inverse correlation between estimated tuberculosis notification rates and asthma symptoms. Respirology. 2002 Jun;7(2):153-5.

Braback L, Plaschke P, Nilsson L, Boman G, Janson C.[Great geographic variations in the prevalence of asthma and allergy. International population studies to explain the associative factors] Lakartidningen. 2001 Nov 21;98(47):5322-6. Swedish.

Pearce N, Weiland S, Keil U, Langridge P, Anderson HR, Strachan D, Bauman A, Young L, Gluyas P, Ruffin D, et al.Self-reported prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Australia, England, Germany and New Zealand: an international comparison using the ISAAC protocol.
Eur Respir J. 1993 Nov;6(10):1455-61.

Bjorksten B, Dumitrascu D, Foucard T, Khetsuriani N, Khaitov R, Leja M, Lis G, Pekkanen J, Priftanji A, Riikjarv MA. Prevalence of childhood asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.
Eur Respir J. 1998 Aug;12(2):432-7.

von Mutius E, Pearce N, Beasley R, Cheng S, von Ehrenstein O, Bjorksten B, Weiland S.International patterns of tuberculosis and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema.
Thorax. 2000 Jun;55(6):449-53.

von Kries R, Hermann M, Grunert VP, von Mutius E.Is obesity a risk factor for childhood asthma? Allergy. 2001 Apr;56(4):318-22.

Stewart AW, Mitchell EA, Pearce N, Strachan DP, Weilandon SK.The relationship of per capita gross national product to the prevalence of symptoms of asthma and other atopic diseases in children (ISAAC). Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Feb;30(1):173-9.

Newson RB, Shaheen SO, Chinn S, Burney PG.Paracetamol sales and atopic disease in children and adults: an ecological analysis. Eur Respir J. 2000 Nov;16(5):817-23.

Mallol J, Sole D, Asher I, Clayton T, Stein R, Soto-Quiroz M.Prevalence of asthma symptoms in Latin America: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Pediatr Pulmonol. 2000 Dec;30(6):439-44.

Pearce N, Sunyer J, Cheng S, Chinn S, Bjorksten B, Burr M, Keil U, Anderson HR, Burney P.Comparison of asthma prevalence in the ISAAC and the ECRHS. ISAAC Steering Committee and the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Eur Respir J. 2000 Sep;16(3):420-6.

Worlwide outcomes

Anderson HR, Gupta R, Kapetanakis V, Asher MI, Clayton T, Robertson CF, Strachan DP; ISAAC Steering Committee. International correlations between indicators of prevalence, hospital admissions and mortality for asthma in children.Int J Epidemiol. 2008 Jun;37(3):573-82.

Flohr C, Weiland SK, Weinmayr G, Björkstén B, Bråbäck L, Brunekreef B, Büchele G, Clausen M, Cookson WO, von Mutius E, Strachan DP, Williams HC; ISAAC Phase Two Study Group. The role of atopic sensitization in flexural eczema: findings from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Two.J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Jan;121(1):141-147.e4.

Weinmayr G, Weiland SK, Björkstén B, Brunekreef B, Büchele G, Cookson WO, Garcia-Marcos L, Gotua M, Gratziou C, van Hage M, von Mutius E, Riikjärv MA, Rzehak P, Stein RT, Strachan DP, Tsanakas J, Wickens K, Wong GW; ISAAC Phase Two Study Group. Atopic sensitization and the international variation of asthma symptom prevalence in children.Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Sep 15;176(6):565-74.

Strachan D, Sibbald B, Weiland S, Ait-Khaled N, Anabwani G, Anderson HR, Asher MI, Beasley R, Bjorksten B, Burr M, Clayton T, Crane J, Ellwood P, Keil U, Lai C, Mallol J, Martinez F, Mitchell E, Montefort S, Pearce N, Robertson C, Shah J, Stewart A, von Mutius E, Williams H.Worldwide variations in prevalence of symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in children: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1997 Nov;8(4):161-76.

[No authors listed]Worldwide variations in the prevalence of asthma symptoms: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Eur Respir J. 1998 Aug;12(2):315-35.

Williams H, Robertson C, Stewart A, Ait-Khaled N, Anabwani G, Anderson R, Asher I, Beasley R, Bjorksten B, Burr M, Clayton T, Crane J, Ellwood P, Keil U, Lai C, Mallol J, Martinez F, Mitchell E, Montefort S, Pearce N, Shah J, Sibbald B, Strachan D, von Mutius E, Weiland SK.Worldwide variations in the prevalence of symptoms of atopic eczema in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. .J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999 Jan;103(1 Pt 1):125-38

VID (very important documents)

Björkstén B, Clayton T, Ellwood P, Stewart A, Strachan D; ISAAC Phase III Study Group. Worldwide time trends for symptoms of rhinitis and conjunctivitis: Phase III of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008 Mar;19(2):110-24.

Pearce N, Aït-Khaled N, Beasley R, Mallol J, Keil U, Mitchell E, Robertson C; and the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group. Worldwide trends in the prevalence of asthma symptoms: phase III of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).Thorax. 2007 Sep;62(9):758-66.

Asher MI, Montefort S, Bjorksten B, Lai CK, Strachan DP, Weiland SK, Williams H; ISAAC Phase Three Study Group.
Worldwide time trends in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in childhood: ISAAC Phases One and Three repeat multicountry cross-sectional surveys.
Lancet. 2006 Aug 26;368(9537):733-43.

[No authors listed]Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee.
Lancet. 1998 Apr 25;351(9111):1225-32.

Africa

Egipto

 Georgy V, Fahim HI, El Gaafary M, Walters S.
Prevalence and socioeconomic associations of asthma and allergic rhinitis in Cairo, Egypt.
Eur Respir J. 2006 May 31;

Georgy V, Fahim HI, El Gaafary M, Walters S.
Prevalence and socioeconomic associations of asthma and allergic rhinitis in Cairo, Egypt.
Eur Respir J. 2006 May 31;

Ethiopia

Haileamlak A, Lewis SA, Britton J, Venn AJ, Woldemariam D, Hubbard R, Williams HC.
Validation of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC) and U.K. criteria for atopic eczema in Ethiopian children.
Br J Dermatol. 2005 Apr;152(4):735-41.
 

 Kenya

Esamai F, Ayaya S, Nyandiko W.Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and dermatitis in primary school children in Uasin Gishu district, Kenya. East Afr Med J. 2002 Oct;79(10):514-8.

Esamai F, Anabwani GM.Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and dermatitis in primary school children in Uasin Gishu district, Kenya.
East Afr Med J. 1996 Jul;73(7):474-8.

Marruecos

Bouayad Z, Aichane A, Afif A, Benouhoud N, Trombati N, Chan-Yeung M, Ait-Khaled N.
Prevalence and trend of self-reported asthma and other allergic disease symptoms in Morocco: ISAAC phase I and III.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Apr;10(4):371-7.

Mozambique

Mavale-Manuel S, Joaquim O, Nunes E, Pedro A, Bandeira S, Eduardo E, Macome C, Almeida L, Cossa A, Malichocho J, Maciel L, Constance E, Marques S, Tembe A, de Blic J, Annesi-Maesano I.Prevalence of asthma-like symptoms by ISAAC video questionnaire in Mozambican schoolchildren.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2006 Dec;65(4):189

 Nigeria

Falade AG, Olawuyi JF, Osinusi K, Onadeko BO. Prevalence and severity of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema in 6- to 7-year-old Nigerian primary school children: the international study of asthma and allergies in childhood. Med Princ Pract. 2004 Jan-Feb;13(1):20-5.

Falade AG, Olawuyi F, Osinusi K, Onadeko BO.Prevalence and severity of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhino-conjunctivitis and atopic eczema in secondary school children in Ibadan, Nigeria.
East Afr Med J. 1998 Dec;75(12):695-8.

South Africa

Wichmann J, Wolvaardt JE, Maritz C, Voyi KV. Household Conditions, Eczema Symptoms and Rhinitis Symptoms: Relationship with Wheeze and Severe Wheeze in Children Living in the Polokwane Area, South Africa.Matern Child Health J. 2008 Jan 10.

Mercer MJ, Joubert G, Ehrlich RI, Nelson H, Poyser MA, Puterman A, Weinberg EG.Socioeconomic status and prevalence of allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema symptoms in young adolescents. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2004 Jun;15(3):234-41.  South Africa

Tunis

Khaldi F, Fakhfakh R, Mattoussi N, Ben Ali B, Zouari S, Khemiri M.
Prevalence and severity of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic eczema in "Grand Tunis" schoolchildren: ISAAC.
Tunis Med. 2005 May;83(5):269-73.

America

 Brazil

Petry C, Pereira MU, Pitrez PM, Jones MH, Stein RT. [The prevalence of symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing in Brazilian schoolchildren]J Pediatr (Rio J). 2008 Mar-Apr;84(2):123-9.

Palvo F, Toledo EC, Menin AM, Jorge PP, Godoy MF, Solé D. Risk factors of childhood asthma in Sao Jose do Rio Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil.J Trop Pediatr. 2008 Aug;54(4):253-7.

Pastorino AC, Kuschnir FC, Arruda LK, Casagrande RR, de Souza RG, Dias GA, Silveira HH, da Cunha AJ, Jacob CM, Solé D. Sensitisation to aeroallergens in Brazilian adolescents living at the periphery of large subtropical urban centres.Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2008 Jan-Feb;36(1):9-16.

Solé D, Camelo-Nunes IC, Wandalsen GF, Mallozi MC, Naspitz CK; Brazilian ISAAC's Group. Is the prevalence of asthma and related symptoms among Brazilian children related to socioeconomic status?J Asthma. 2008 Jan-Feb;45(1):19-25.

Soares FA, Segundo GR, Alves R, Ynoue LH, Resende RO, Sopelete MC, Silva DA, Sung SS, Taketomi EA. [Indoor allergen sensitization profile in allergic patients of the allergy clinic in the University Hospital in Uberlândia, BrazilRev Assoc Med Bras. 2007 Jan-Feb;53(1):25-8. 

Solé D, Melo KC, Camelo-Nunes IC, Freitas LS, Britto M, Rosário NA, Jones M, Fischer GB, Naspitz CK.
Changes in the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Brazilian schoolchildren (13-14 years old): comparison between ISAAC Phases One and Three.
J Trop Pediatr. 2007 Feb;53(1):13-21.

Solé D, Cassol VE, Silva AR, Teche SP, Rizzato TM, Bandim LC, Sarinho ES, Camelo-Nunes IC. Prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema among adolescents living in urban and rural areas in different regions of Brazil.Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2007 Nov-Dec;35(6):248-53.

Cassol V, Rizzato TM, Teche SP, Basso DF, Centenaro DF, Maldonado M, Moraes EZ, Hirakata VN, Sole D, Menna-Barreto SS.
Obesity and its relationship with asthma prevalence and severity in adolescents from southern Brazil.
J Asthma. 2006 Feb;43(1):57-60.

Pastorino AC, Rimazza RD, Leone C, Castro AP, Solé D, Jacob CM.
Risk factors for asthma in adolescents in a large urban region of Brazil.
J Asthma. 2006 Nov;43(9):695-700.

Sole D, Wandalsen GF, Camelo-Nunes IC, Naspitz CK; ISAAC - Brazilian Group.
Prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema among Brazilian children and adolescents identified by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) - Phase 3.

Sole D, Camelo-Nunes IC, Wandalsen GF, Sarinho E, Sarinho S, Britto M, Rosario NA, de Freitas Souza LS, Stein R, Fischer GB, Naspitz CK.
Ecological correlation among prevalence of asthma symptoms, rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic eczema with notifications of tuberculosis and measles in the Brazilian population.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Nov;16(7):582-6.

Riedi CA, Rosario NA, Ribas LF, Backes AS, Kleiniibing GF, Popija M, Reisdorfer S.
Increase in prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis but not asthma and atopic eczema in teenagers.
J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2005;15(3):183-8.

Cassol VE, Rizzato TM, Teche SP, Basso DF, Hirakata VN, Maldonado M, Colpo E, Sole D.
Prevalence and severity of asthma among adolescents and their relationship with the body mass index
J Pediatr (Rio J). 2005 Jul-Aug;81(4):305-9.

Rios JL, Boechat JL, Sant'Anna CC, Franca AT. Atmospheric pollution and the prevalence of asthma: study among schoolchildren of 2 areas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Jun;92(6):629-34.

Maia JG, Marcopito LF, Amaral AN, Tavares Bde F, Lima e Santos FA. Prevalence of asthma and asthma symptoms among 13 and 14-year-old schoolchildren, Brazil Rev Saude Publica. 2004 Apr;38(2):292-9. Epub 2004 Apr 26. Portuguese. 

Sole D, Camelo-Nunes IC, Vana AT, Yamada E, Werneck F, de Freitas LS, Sologuren MJ, Brito M, Rosario Filho NA, Stein RT, Naspitz CK. Prevalence of rhinitis and related-symptoms in schoolchildren from different cities in Brazil. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2004 Jan-Feb;32(1):7-12.

Camelo-Nunes IC, Wandalsen GF, Melo KC, Naspitz CK, Sole D. [Prevalence of atopic eczema and associated symptoms in school children] J Pediatr (Rio J). 2004 Jan-Feb;80(1):60-4. Portuguese.
PHASE 3

Yamada E, Vanna AT, Naspitz CK, Sole D. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): validation of the written questionnaire (eczema component) and prevalence of atopic eczema among Brazilian children. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2002;12(1):34-41.

Sole D, Vanna AT, Yamada E, Rizzo MC, Naspitz CK.International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) written questionnaire: validation of the asthma component among Brazilian children.
J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 1998 Nov-Dec;8(6):376-82.

de Almeida MM, Pinto JR.Bronchial asthma in children: clinical and epidemiologic approach in different Portuguese speaking countries.Pediatr Pulmonol Suppl. 1999;18:49-53.

Sole D, Yamada E, Vana AT, Costa-Carvalho BT, Naspitz CK.Prevalence of asthma and related symptoms in school-age children in Sao Paulo, Brazil--International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC).
J Asthma. 1999;36(2):205-12.

Camargos PA, Castro RM, Feldman JS.[Prevalence of symptoms related to asthma in school children of Campos Gerais, Brazil].Rev Panam Salud Publica. 1999 Jul;6(1):8-15. Spanish.

Werneck G, Ruiz S, Hart R, White M, Romieu I.Prevalence of asthma and other childhood allergies in Brazilian schoolchildren. J Asthma. 1999 Dec;36(8):677-90.

Vanna AT, Yamada E, Arruda LK, Naspitz CK, Sole D.International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood: validation of the rhinitis symptom questionnaire and prevalence of rhinitis in schoolchildren in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2001 Apr;12(2):95-101.

Canada

Habbick BF, Pizzichini MM, Taylor B, Rennie D, Senthilselvan A, Sears MR.Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema among children in 2 Canadian cities: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. CMAJ. 1999 Jun 29;160(13):1824-8.

Pizzichini MM, Rennie D, Senthilselvan A, Taylor B, Habbick BF, Sears MR.Limited agreement between written and video asthma symptom questionnaires. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2000 Oct;30(4):307-12.

Chile

Mallol J, Aguirre V, Aguilar P, Calvo M, Amarales L, Arellano P, Palma R[Changes in the prevalence of asthma in Chilean school age children between 1994 and 2002. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC)--Chile phases I and III]Rev Med Chil. 2007 May;135(5):580-6.

Caussade L S, Valdivia C G, Navarro M H, Perez B E, Aquevedo S A, Sanchez D I.
Risk factors and prevalence of allergic rhinitis among Chilean children.
Rev Med Chil. 2006 Apr;134(4):456-64. Epub 2006 May 25.

Colombia

Garcia E, Aristizabal G, Vasquez C, Rodriguez-Martinez CE, Sarmiento OL, Satizabal CL. Prevalence of and factors associated with current asthma symptoms in school children aged 6-7 and 13-14 yr old in Bogotá, Colombia.Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008 Jun;19(4):307-14.

Costa Rica

Soto-Quiros ME, Soto-Martinez M, Hanson LA.Epidemiological studies of the very high prevalence of asthma and related symptoms among school children in Costa Rica from 1989 to 1998.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2002 Oct;13(5):342-9.
PHASE 3

Soto-Quiros ME, Silverman EK, Hanson LA, Weiss ST, Celedon JC.
Maternal history, sensitization to allergens, and current wheezing, rhinitis, and eczema among children in Costa Rica. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002 Apr;33(4):237-43.
PHASE 2

Cuba

Fabre Ortiz D, Varona Perez P, Suarez Medina R.
Prevalence of asthma in Cuban adolescents by different clinical criteria
Rev Alerg Mex. 2005 May-Jun;52(3):132-7.

TheUnited States

Mvula M, Larzelere M, Kraus M, Moisiewicz K, Morgan C, Pierce S, Post R, Nash T, Moore C.
Prevalence of asthma and asthma-like symptoms in inner-city schoolchildren.
J Asthma. 2005 Feb;42(1):9-16.

Yeatts K, Shy C, Sotir M, Music S, Herget C.Health consequences for children with undiagnosed asthma-like symptoms. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Jun;157(6):540-4.

Gruchalla RS, Gan V, Roy L, Bokovoy J, McDermott S, Lawrence G, Hynan L, Luckett P.Results of an inner-city school-based asthma and allergy screening pilot study: a combined approach using written questionnaires and step testing.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 May;90(5):491-9.

Palta M, Sadek-Badawi M, Sheehy M, Albanese A, Weinstein M, McGuinness G, Peters ME.Respiratory symptoms at age 8 years in a cohort of very low birth weight children. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Sep 15;154(6):521-9.

Hu FB, Persky V, Flay BR, Zelli A, Cooksey J, Richardson J.Prevalence of asthma and wheezing in public schoolchildren: association with maternal smoking during pregnancy.Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1997 Jul;79(1):80-4. 

Fagan JK, Scheff PA, Hryhorczuk D, Ramakrishnan V, Ross M, Persky V.Prevalence of asthma and other allergic diseases in an adolescent population: association with gender and race. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2001 Feb;86(2):177-84.

Yeatts K, Shy C, Wiley J, Music S.Statewide adolescent asthma surveillance. J Asthma. 2000 Aug;37(5):425-34.

Mexico

Del-Rio-Navarro BE, Ito-Tsuchiya FM, Berber A, Zepeda-Ortega B, Sienra-Monge JJ, Garcia-Almaraz R, Baeza-Bacab M. Study of the relationship between acetaminophen and asthma in Mexican children aged 6 to 7 years in 3 Mexican cities using ISAAC methodology.J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2008;18(3):194-201.

Del-Rio-Navarro B, Del Rio-Chivardi JM, Berber A, Sienra-Monge JJ, Rosas-Vargas MA, Baeza-Bacab M.
Asthma prevalence in children living in north Mexico City and a comparison with other Latin American cities and world regions.
Allergy Asthma Proc. 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):334-40.

Del-Rio-Navarro B, Berber A, Blandon-Vijil V, Ramirez-Aguilar M, Romieu I, Ramirez-Chanona N, Heras-Acevedo S, Serrano-Sierra A, Barraza-Villareal A, Baeza-Bacab M, Sienra-Monge JJ.
Identification of asthma risk factors in Mexico City in an International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood survey.
Allergy Asthma Proc. 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):325-33.

Violante R, del Rio Navarro BE, Berber A, Ramirez Chanona N, Baeza Bacab M, Sienra Monge JJ.
Obesity risk factors in the ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) in Mexico City.
Rev Alerg Mex. 2005 Jul-Aug;52(4):141-5.

Del Rio-Navarro BE, Hernandez-Roman MP, Espinola Reyna G, Berber A, Escalante-Dominguez AJ, Gonzalez-Reyes M, Rosas-Vargas MA, Perez-Lopez J, Baeza-Bacab M, Sienra-Monge JJ.
A comparative study of bronchodilator reversibility with albuterol, between asthma symptomatic and asymptomatic children according to ISAAC questionnaire in Mexico City.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2004 Nov-Dec;32(6):334-9.

Mendoza-Mendoza A, Romero-Cancio JA, Pena-Rios HD, Vargas MH.[Prevalence of asthma in schoolchildren from the Mexican city Hermosillo] Gac Med Mex. 2001 Sep-Oct;137(5):397-401. Spanish.

Ece A, Ceylan A, Saraclar Y, Saka G, Gurkan F, Haspolat K.Prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders among schoolchildren in Diyarbakir, Turkey. Turk J Pediatr. 2001 Oct-Dec;43(4):286-92.

Tatto-Cano MI, Sanin-Aguirre LH, Gonzalez V, Ruiz-Velasco S, Romieu I.Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in school children in the city of Cuernavaca, Mexico Salud Publica Mex. 1997 Nov-Dec;39(6):497-506. Spanish

Guatemala

Thompson L, Diaz J, Jenny A, Diaz A, Bruce N, Balmes J. Nxwisen, ntzarrin or ntzo'lin? Mapping children's respiratory symptoms among indigenous populations in Guatemala.Soc Sci Med. 2007 Oct;65(7):1337-50

ei MA, Hessen JO, Smith KR, Bruce N, McCracken J, Lopez V.Childhood asthma and indoor woodsmoke from cooking in Guatemala. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004;14 Suppl 1:S110-7.

Peru

Penny ME, Murad S, Madrid SS, Herrera TS, Pineiro A, Caceres DE, Lanata CF.Respiratory symptoms, asthma, exercise test spirometry, and atopy in schoolchildren from a Lima shanty town. Thorax. 2001 Aug;56(8):607-12.
PHASE 2

Trinidad y Tobago

Monteil MA, Joseph G, Changkit C, Wheeler G, Antoine RM.Related Articles, Links
Comparison of prevalence and severity of asthma among adolescents in the Caribbean islands of Trinidad and Tobago: results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey.
BMC Public Health. 2005 Sep 14;5:96.

Monteil MA, Joseph G, Chang Kit C, Wheeler G, Antoine RM.
Smoking at home is strongly associated with symptoms of asthma and rhinitis in children of primary school age in Trinidad and Tobago.
Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2004 Sep;16(3):193-8.

Asia

 Arabia Saudi

Sobki SH, Zakzouk SM.
Point prevalence of allergic rhinitis among Saudi children.
Rhinology. 2004 Sep;42(3):137-40.

Hijazi N, Abalkhail B, Seaton A.Diet and childhood asthma in a society in transition: a study in urban and rural Saudi Arabia. Thorax. 2000 Sep;55(9):775-9.

Bangladesh

Zaman K, Takeuchi H; Md Yunus, El Arifeen S, Chowdhury HR, Baqui AH, Wakai S, Iwata T. Asthma in rural Bangladeshi children.Indian J Pediatr. 2007 Jun;74(6):539-43.

Kabir ML, Rahman F, Hassan MQ, Ahamed F, Mridha MA.
Asthma, atopic eczema and allergic rhino-conjunctivitis in school children.
Mymensingh Med J. 2005 Jan;14(1):41-5.

China

Wang HY, Zhang CQ, Sun BQ, Li SY, Zheng JP, Zhong NS. [A survey on the relationship between atopy and bronchial asthma among adolescents in the city of Guangzhou, China]Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2007 Jul;30(7):504-8.

Wang HY, Zheng JP, Zhong NS.
[Time trends in the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases over 7 years among adolescents in Guangzhou city]
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2006 Apr 18;86(15):1014-20

Wang HY, Chen YZ, Ma Y, Wong GW, Lai CK, Zhong NS
Disparity of asthma prevalence in Chinese schoolchildren is due to differences in lifestyle factors

Ko FW, Wang HY, Wong GW, Leung TF, Hui DS, Chan DP, Zhong NS, Lai CK.
Wheezing in Chinese schoolchildren: disease severity distribution and management practices, a community-based study in Hong Kong and Guangzhou.
Clin Exp Allergy. 2005 Nov;35(11):1449-56.

Wong GW, Leung TF, Ko FW, Lee KK, Lam P, Hui DS, Fok TF, Lai CK.
Declining asthma prevalence in Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren.
Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Oct;34(10):1550-5

Lee SL, Wong W, Lau YL. Increasing prevalence of allergic rhinitis but not asthma among children in Hong Kong from 1995 to 2001 (Phase 3 International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood). Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2004 Feb;15(1):72-8.
PHASE 3

Mistry R, Wickramasingha N, Ogston S, Singh M, Devasiri V, Mukhopadhyay S.Wheeze and urban variation in South Asia. Eur J Pediatr. 2004 Mar;163(3):145-7. Epub 2004 Jan 29. India

Chen YZ, Ma Y, Wang HY, Wang HJ, Zhao J, Cao L, Li S, Wong GW, Zhong NS, Fok TF, Lai CK. Individual allergens as risk factors for asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in Chinese children. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2003 Jul;41(7):538-41. Chinese.
PHASE 2

Wong GW, Li ST, Hui DS, Fok TF, Zhong NS, Chen YZ, Lai CK.
Individual allergens as risk factors for asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in Chinese children. Eur Respir J. 2002 Feb;19(2):288-93.
PHASE 2

Wong GW, Hui DS, Chan HH, Fok TF, Leung R, Zhong NS, Chen YZ, Lai CK.Prevalence of respiratory and atopic disorders in Chinese schoolchildren. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001 Aug;31(8):1225-31.
PHASE 2

Leung R, Wong G, Lau J, Ho A, Chan JK, Choy D, Douglass C, Lai CK.Prevalence of asthma and allergy in Hong Kong schoolchildren: an ISAAC study.Eur Respir J. 1997 Feb;10(2):354-60.

Lai CK, Chan JK, Chan A, Wong G, Ho A, Choy D, Lau J, Leung R.Comparison of the ISAAC video questionnaire (AVQ3.0) with the ISAAC written questionnaire for estimating asthma associated with bronchial hyperreactivity.Clin Exp Allergy. 1997 May;27(5):540-5.

Lau YL, Karlberg J.Prevalence and risk factors of childhood asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Hong Kong.J Paediatr Child Health. 1998 Feb;34(1):47-52.

Zhao Tb, Wang A, Chen Y, Xiao M, Duo L, Liu G, Lau Y, Karlberg J.Prevalence of childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Urumqi and Beijing.J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Apr;36(2):128-33.

Chen CF, Wu KG, Hsu MC, Tang RB.Prevalence and relationship between allergic diseases and infectious diseases. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2001 Mar;34(1):57-62.

Emiratos Arabes

al-Maskari F, Bener A, al-Kaabi A, al-Suwaidi N, Norman N, Brebner J.Asthma and respiratory symptoms among school children in United Arab Emirates.Allerg Immunol (Paris). 2000 Apr;32(4):159-63.

Georgia

Abramidze T, Gotua M, Rukhadze M, Gamkrelidze A.
ISAAC I and III in Georgia: time trends in prevalence of asthma and allergies.
Georgian Med News. 2006 Aug;(137):80-2.

Abramidze T, Gotua M, Rukhadze M, Gamkrelidze A. Prevalence of asthma and allergies among adolescents in Georgia: comparison between two surveys.Georgian Med News. 2007 Mar;(144):38-41.

India

Pakhale S, Wooldrage K, Manfreda J, Anthonisen N. Prevalence of asthma symptoms in 7th- and 8th-grade school children in a rural region in India.J Asthma. 2008 Mar;45(2):117-22.

Mistry R, Wickramasingha N, Ogston S, Singh M, Devasiri V, Mukhopadhyay S. Wheeze and urban variation in South Asia. Eur J Pediatr. 2004 Mar;163(3):145-7. Epub 2004 Jan 29. India

Chakravarthy S, Singh RB, Swaminathan S, Venkatesan P. Prevalence of asthma in urban and rural children in Tamil Nadu. Natl Med J India. 2002 Sep-Oct;15(5):260-3.

Indonesia

Hong CY, Chia SE, Widjaja D, Saw SM, Lee J, Munoz C, Koh D.
Prevalence of respiratory symptoms in children and air quality by village in rural Indonesia.
J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Nov;46(11):1174-9.

Iran

Golshan M, Mohamad-Zadeh Z, Zahedi-Nejad N, Rostam-Poor B. Prevalence of asthma and related symptoms in primary school children of Isfahan, Iran, in 1998. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2001 Sep;19(3):163-70.

Israel

Shohat T, Golan G, Tamir R, Green MS, Livne I, Davidson Y, Harari G, Garty BZ.Prevalence of asthma in 13-14 yr-old schoolchildren across Israel.Eur Respir J. 2000 Apr;15(4):725-9.

Kuwait

Owayed A, Behbehani N, Al-Momen J. Changing prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases among Kuwaiti children. An ISAAC Study (Phase III).Med Princ Pract. 2008;17(4):284-9. Epub 2008 Jun 3.

Libanus

Waked M, Salameh P.
Asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren across Lebanon.
J Med Liban. 2006 Oct-Dec;54(4):181-90.

Ramadan FM, Khoury MN, Hajjar TA, Mroueh SM.Prevalence of allergic diseases in children in Beirut: comparison to worldwide data.J Med Liban. 1999 Jul-Aug;47(4):216-21.

Malaysia

Quah BS, Razak AR, Hassan MH.Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema among schoolchildren in Kelantan, Malaysia.Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1997 Jun;39(3):329-35.

Nepal

Melsom T, Brinch L, Hessen JO, Schei MA, Kolstrup N, Jacobsen BK, Svanes C, Pandey MR.Asthma and indoor environment in Nepal. Thorax. 2001 Jun;56(6):477-81.

Oman

Al-Rawas OA, Al-Riyami BM, Al-Maniri AA, Al-Riyami AA. Trends in asthma prevalence and severity in Omani schoolchildren: Comparison between ISAAC phases I and III.Respirology. 2008 May 29.

Palestine

El-Sharif NA, Nemery B, Barghuthy F, Mortaja S, Qasrawi R, Abdeen Z.Geographical variations of asthma and asthma symptoms among schoolchildren aged 5 to 8 years and 12 to 15 years in Palestine: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Jan;90(1):63-71.

El-Sharif N, Abdeen Z, Qasrawi R, Moens G, Nemery B.
Asthma prevalence in children living in villages, cities and refugee camps in Palestine. Eur Respir J. 2002 Jun;19(6):1026-34.
PHASE 3

Hasan MM, Gofin R, Bar-Yishay E.Urbanization and the risk of asthma among schoolchildren in the Palestinian Authority.J Asthma. 2000 Jun;37(4):353-60.

Qatar

Janahi IA, Bener A, Bush A.
Prevalence of asthma among Qatari schoolchildren: International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, Qatar.
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2006 Jan;41(1):80-6.

Bener A, Janahi IA, Sabbah A.
Genetics and environmental risk factors associated with asthma in schoolchildren.
Allerg Immunol (Paris). 2005 May;37(5):163-8.

Korea (South Korea)

Yoo Y, Ko HK, Han JJ, Lee Y, Seo KJ, Choung JT, Tockgo YC, Choe JG. The prevalence of atopy and asthma among university freshmen in Seoul, Korea: association with obesity.J Asthma. 2007 Jan-Feb;44(1):45-9.

Kim YK, Park HW, Park HS, Kim HY, Kim SH, Bai JM, Cho SH, Kim YY, Min KU.Sensitivity to citrus red mite and the development of asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2000 Dec;85(6 Pt 1):483-8.

Lee MH, Cho SH, Park HS, Bahn JW, Lee BJ, Son JW, Kim YK, Koh YY, Min KU, Kim YY.Citrus red mite (Panonychus citri) is a common sensitizing allergen among children living around citrus orchards. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2000 Sep;85(3):200-4.

Hong SJ, Lee MS, Sohn MH, Shim JY, Han YS, Park KS, Ahn YM, Son BK, Lee HB; Korean ISAAC Study Group.
Self-reported prevalence and risk factors of asthma among Korean adolescents: 5-year follow-up study, 1995-2000.
Clin Exp Allergy. 2004 Oct;34(10):1556-62.

Singapore

Zuraimi MS, Tham KW, Chew FT, Ooi PL, David K. Home exposures to environmental tobacco smoke and allergic symptoms among young children in Singapore.Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2008;146(1):57-65. Epub 2007 Dec 14.

von Mutius E.Prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in Singapore schoolchildren.Arch Dis Child. 1996 Feb;74(2):131-5.

Chew FT, Goh DY, Lee BW.Under-recognition of childhood asthma in Singapore: evidence from a questionnaire survey.Ann Trop Paediatr. 1999 Mar;19(1):83-91.

Chew FT, Goh DY, Lee BW.Geographical comparison of the prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies in Singapore.Ann Trop Paediatr. 1999 Dec;19(4):383-90.

Thayland

Sriyaraj K, Priest N, Shutes B. Environmental factors influencing the prevalence of respiratory diseases and allergies among schoolchildren in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Int J Environ Health Res. 2008 Apr;18(2):129-48.

Uthaisangsook S. Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in the university population of Phitsanulok, Thailand.Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2007 Jun-Sep;25(2-3):127-32

Vichyanond P, Sunthornchart S, Singhirannusorn V, Ruangrat S, Kaewsomboon S, Visitsunthorn N.Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema among university students in Bangkok. Respir Med. 2002 Jan;96(1):34-8.

Phankingthongkum S, Daengsuwan T, Visitsunthorn N, Thamlikitkul V, Udompunthuruk S, Vichyanond P.How do Thai children and adolescents describe asthma symptoms? Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2002 Apr;13(2):119-24.

Vichyanond P, Jirapongsananuruk O, Visitsuntorn N, Tuchinda M.Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in children from the Bangkok area using the ISAAC (International Study for Asthma and Allergy in Children) questionnaires.J Med Assoc Thai. 1998 Mar;81(3):175-84.

Trakultivakorn M.Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in Northern Thai children from Chiang Mai (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, ISAAC).Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 1999 Dec;17(4):243-8.

Teeratakulpisarn J, Pairojkul S, Heng S.Survey of the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in schoolchildren from Khon Kaen, Northeast Thailand. an ISAAC study. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2000 Dec;18(4):187-94.

Taiwan

Yan DC, Ou LS, Tsai TL, Wu WF, Huang JL.
Prevalence and severity of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in 13- to 14-year-old children in Taipei, Taiwan.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005 Dec;95(6):579-85.

Liao MF, Huang JL, Chiang LC, Wang FY, Chen CY.
Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema from ISAAC survey of schoolchildren in Central Taiwan.
J Asthma. 2005 Dec;42(10):833-7.

Lin RS, Sung FC, Huang SL, Gou YL, Ko YC, Gou HW, Shaw CK. Role of urbanization and air pollution in adolescent asthma: a mass screening in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc. 2001 Oct;100(10):649-55.

Wang TN, Ko YC, Chao YY, Huang CC, Lin RS. Association between indoor and outdoor air pollution and adolescent asthma from 1995 to 1996 in Taiwan.Environ Res. 1999 Oct;81(3):239-47.

Tibet

Droma Y, Kunii O, Yangzom Y, Shan M, Pingzo L, Song P. Prevalence and severity of asthma and allergies in schoolchildren in Lhasa, Tibet.Clin Exp Allergy. 2007 Sep;37(9):1326-33

Vietnam

Kuroiwa C, Odajima H, Oudavong B, Ohta N, Zhang Z, Miyoshi M, Nishima S.
Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema among children in Vientiane city, Lao PDR.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006 Sep;37(5):1025-33.

Nga NN, Chai SK, Bihn TT, Redding G, Takaro T, Checkoway H, Son PH, Van DK, Keifer M, Trung le V, Barnhart S. ISAAC-based asthma and atopic symptoms among Ha Noi school children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2003 Aug;14(4):272-9. Vietnam

Chai SK, Nga NN, Checkoway H, Takaro TK, Redding GJ, Keifer MC, Trung LV, Barnhart S. Comparison of local risk factors for children's atopic symptoms in Hanoi, Vietnam. Allergy. 2004 Jun;59(6):637-44.

Europe

 Germany

Genuneit J, Weinmayr G, Radon K, Dressel H, Windstetter D, Rzehak P, Vogelberg C, Leupold W, Nowak D, von Mutius E, Weiland SK.
Smoking and the incidence of asthma during adolescence: results of a large cohort study in Germany.
Thorax. 2006 Jul;61(7):572-8. Epub 2006 Mar 14.

Lau S, Illi S, Platts-Mills TA, Riposo D, Nickel R, Gruber C, Niggemann B, Wahn U; Multicentre Allergy Study Group.
Longitudinal study on the relationship between cat allergen and endotoxin exposure, sensitization, cat-specific IgG and development of asthma in childhood--report of the German Multicentre Allergy Study (MAS 90).
Allergy. 2005 Jun;60(6):766-73.

Oberle D, von Mutius E, von Kries R. Childhood asthma and continuous exposure to cats since the first year of life with cats allowed in the child's bedroom. Allergy. 2003 Oct;58(10):1033-6. Germany

Rudwaleit M, Andermann B, Alten R, Sorensen H, Listing J, Zink A, Sieper J, Braun J. Atopic disorders in ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2002 Nov;61(11):968-74.

Renz H, Mutius E, Illi S, Wolkers F, Hirsch T, Weiland SK. T(H)1/T(H)2 immune response profiles differ between atopic children in eastern and western Germany. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Feb;109(2):338-42.
PHASE 2

Anyo G, Brunekreef B, de Meer G, Aarts F, Janssen NA, van Vliet P. Early, current and past pet ownership: associations with sensitization, bronchial responsiveness and allergic symptoms in school children. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002 Mar;32(3):361-6.
PHASE 2

Riedinger F, Kuehr J, Strauch E, Schulz H, Ihorst G, Forster J. Natural history of hay fever and pollen sensitization, and doctors' diagnosis of hay fever and pollen asthma in German schoolchildren. Allergy. 2002 Jun;57(6):488-92.

von Ehrenstein OS, von Mutius E, Maier E, Hirsch T, Carr D, Schaal W, Roscher AA, Olgemoller B, Nicolai T, Weiland SK. Lung function of school children with low levels of alpha1-antitrypsin and tobacco smoke exposure. Eur Respir J. 2002 Jun;19(6):1099-106.
PHASE 2

Liese AD, Hirsch T, von Mutius E, Keil U, Leupold W, Weiland SK. Inverse association of overweight and breast feeding in 9 to 10-y-old children in Germany. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Nov;25(11):1644-50.
PHASE 2

Pearce N, Weiland S, Keil U, Langridge P, Anderson HR, Strachan D, Bauman A, Young L, Gluyas P, Ruffin D, et al. Self-reported prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Australia, England, Germany and New Zealand: an international comparison using the ISAAC protocol.Eur Respir J. 1993 Nov;6(10):1455-61.

Keil U, Weiland SK, Duhme H, Chambless L. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): objectives and methods; results from German ISAAC centres concerning traffic density and wheezing and allergic rhinitis.Toxicol Lett. 1996 Aug;86(2-3):99-103.

Duhme H, Weiland SK, Rudolph P, Wienke A, Kramer A, Keil U. Asthma and allergies among children in West and East Germany: a comparison between Munster and Greifswald using the ISAAC phase I protocol. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.Eur Respir J. 1998 Apr;11(4):840-7.

Eder W, Gamper A, Oberfeld G, Riedler J. Prevalence and severity of bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis in Salzburg school children.Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1998 Oct 16;110(19):669-77. German.

Von Ehrenstein OS, Von Mutius E, Illi S, Baumann L, Bohm O, von Kries R. Reduced risk of hay fever and asthma among children of farmers.Clin Exp Allergy. 2000 Feb;30(2):187-93.

Weiland SK, von Mutius E, Hirsch T, Duhme H, Fritzsch C, Werner B, Husing A, Stender M, Renz H, Leupold W, Keil U. Prevalence of respiratory and atopic disorders among children in the East and West of Germany five years after unification.Eur Respir J. 1999 Oct;14(4):862-70.

Hirsch T, Weiland SK, von Mutius E, Safeca AF, Grafe H, Csaplovics E, Duhme H, Keil U, Leupold W. Inner city air pollution and respiratory health and atopy in children.Eur Respir J. 1999 Sep;14(3):669-77.

Strauch E, Neupert T, Ihorst G, Van's Gravesande KS, Bohnet W, Hoeldke B, Karmaus W, Kuehr J. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness to 4.5% hypertonic saline indicates a past history of asthma-like symptoms in children. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2001 Jan;31(1):44-50.

Wellie O, Duhme H, Streit U, von Mutius E, Keil U, Weiland SK. Application of geographical information systems in epidemiological studies exemplified by the ISAAC study in Munich. Gesundheitswesen. 2000 Aug-Sep;62(8-9):423-30. German.

Austria

Schernhammer ES, Vutuc C, Waldhör T, Haidinger G. Time trends of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austrian children.Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008 Mar;19(2):125-31.

Zacharasiewicz A, Zidek T, Haidinger G, Waldhor T, Suess G, Vutuc C.Indoor factors and their association to respiratory symptoms suggestive of asthma in Austrian children aged 6-9 years.Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1999 Nov 12;111(21):882-6.

Zacharasiewicz A, Zidek T, Haidinger G, Waldhor T, Vutuc C, Zacharasiewicz A, Goetz M, Pearce N.Symptoms suggestive of atopic rhinitis in children aged 6-9 years and the indoor environment. Allergy. 2000 Oct;55(10):945-50.

Belgium

Vellinga A, Droste JH, Vermeire PA, Desager K, De Backer WA, Nelen VJ, Weyler JJ.
Changes in respiratory and allergic symptoms in schoolchildren from 1996 to 2002, results from the ISAAC surveys in Antwerp (Belgium).
Acta Clin Belg. 2005 Sep-Oct;60(5):219-25.

Croatia

Munivrana H, Vorko-Jovic A, Munivrana S, Kursar M, Medlobi-Gluhak M, Vlahek P. The prevalence of allergic diseases among Croatian school children according to the ISAAC Phase One questionnaire.Med Sci Monit. 2007 Nov;13(11):CR505-509.

Banac S, Tomulic KL, Ahel V, Rozmanic V, Simundic N, Zubovic S, Milardovic A, Topic J.
Prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in Croatian children is increasing: survey study.
Croat Med J. 2004 Dec;45(6):721-6.

Stipic-Markovic A, Pevec B, Radulovic Pevec M, Custovic A, Predovic J. Allergic diseases in relationship with environmental factors in a population of school children in Zagreb, Croatia.Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 2004 Jun;55(2-3):221-8.

Estonia

Annus T, Riikjarv MA, Rahu K, Bjorksten B.
Modest increase in seasonal allergic rhinitis and eczema over 8 years among Estonian schoolchildren.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Jun;16(4):315-20.

Annus T, Bjorksten B, Mai XM, Nilsson L, Riikjarv MA, Sandin A, Braback L. Wheezing in relation to atopy and environmental factors in Estonian and Swedish schoolchildren. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001 Dec;31(12):1846-53.
PHASE 2

Spain-España

Garcia-Marcos L, Arnedo Pena A, Busquets-Monge R, Morales Suárez-Varela M, García de Andoin N, Batlles-Garrido J, Blanco-Quirós A, López-Silvarrey Varela A, García-Hernández G, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, González-Díaz C, Garcia-Merino A. How the presence of rhinoconjunctivitis and the severity of asthma modify the relationship between obesity and asthma in children 6-7 years old.Clin Exp Allergy. 2008

Pac-Sa MR, Museros-Recatala L, Arnedo-Pena A, Bellido-Blasco JB, Puig-Barberà J, Artero-Sivera A, Campos-Cruañes JB, Aguinaga-Ontoso I. [Risk factors for symptoms of allergic rhinitis in adolescents in Castellón, Spain] Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2008 May;23(5):333-40.

Garcia-Marcos L, Canflanca IM, Garrido JB, Varela AL, Garcia-Hernandez G, Guillen Grima F, Gonzalez-Diaz C, Carvajal-Urueña I, Arnedo-Pena A, Busquets-Monge RM, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Blanco-Quiros A.
Relationship of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis with obesity, exercise and Mediterranean diet in Spanish schoolchildren.
Thorax. 2007 Jun;62(6):503-8.

Tornador-Gaya E, Tosca-Segura R, Arnedo-Pena A, Puig-Barberá J, Bellido-Blasco JB, Pac-Sa MR, Artero-Civera A, Campos-Cruañes JB, Museros-Recatala L.
[Incidence of allergic rhinitis in a cohort of schoolchildren between 1994 and 2002 in Castellón (Spain), following the ISAAC study]
An Pediatr (Barc). 2007 Feb;66(2):154-8.

López-Silvarrey Varela A, González Barcala FJ, Paz Esquete JJ, Pérez Castro TR, Valdés Cuadrado L, Castro Iglesias A.
[Prevalence of asthma and rhinitis symptoms in A Coruña (Spain)]
An Pediatr (Barc). 2007 Feb;66(2):146-53.

Garcia-Marcos L, Garcia-Hernández G, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Batlles Garrido J, Castro-Rodriguez JA.
Asthma attributable to atopy: does it depend on the allergen supply?
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007 May;18(3):181-7. Epub 2007 Mar 7. Erratum in: Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007 Jun;18(4):368.

Garcia-Marcos L, Sanchez-Solis M, Martinez-Torres AE, Lucas Moreno JM, Hernando Sastre V.
Phadiatop compared to skin-prick test as a tool for diagnosing atopy in epidemiological studies in schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007 May;18(3):240-4.

Ibargoyen-Roteta N, Aguinaga-Ontoso I, Fernandez-Benitez M, Marin-Fernandez B, Guillen-Grima F, Serrano-Monzo I, Hermoso-de-mendoza J, Brun-Sandiumetge C, Ferrer-Nadal A, Irujo-Andueza A. Role of the home environment in rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in schoolchildren in Pamplona, Spain.J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17(3):137-44.

Fernández-Benítez M, Antón J, Guillén Grima F. Risk factors associated to the prevalence of asthma in adolescence.Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2007 Sep-Oct;35(5):193-6.

Onate Vergara E, Perez-Yarza EG, Emparanza Knorr JI, Figueroa de la Paz A, Sardon Prado O, Sota Busselo I, Aldasoro Ruiz A, Mintegui Aramburu J.
Current prevalence of asthma in schoolchildren in San Sebastian (Spain)
An Pediatr (Barc). 2006 Mar;64(3):224-8.

Garcia-Marcos L, Valverde-Molina J, Sanchez-Solis M, Soriano-Perez MJ, Baeza-Alcaraz A, Martinez-Torres A, Perez-Fernandez V, Guillen-Perez JJ.
Validity of parent-reported height and weight for defining obesity among asthmatic and nonasthmatic schoolchildren.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2006;139(2):139-45.

Garcia-Marcos L, Valverde-Molina J, Sanchez-Solis M, Soriano-Perez MJ, Baeza-Alcaraz A, Martinez-Torres A, Perez-Fernandez V, Guillen-Perez JJ.
Validity of parent-reported height and weight for defining obesity among asthmatic and nonasthmatic schoolchildren.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2006;139(2):139-45.

Garcia-Marcos L, Castro-Rodriguez JA, Suarez-Varela MM, Garrido JB, Hernandez GG, Gimeno AM, Gonzalez AL, Ruiz TR, Torres AM.
A different pattern of risk factors for atopic and non-atopic wheezing in 9-12-year-old children.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Sep;16(6):471-7.

Garcia-Marcos L, Suarez-Varela MM, Canflanca IM, Garrido JB, Quiros AB, Lopez-Silvarrey Varela A, Hernandez GG, Guillen-Grima F, Diaz CG, Gonzalez IH, Pena AA, Monge RB.
BCG immunization at birth and atopic diseases in a homogeneous population of Spanish schoolchildren.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005 Aug;137(4):303-9.

Mata Fernandez C, Fernandez-Benitez M, Perez Miranda M, Guillen Grima F.
Validation of the Spanish version of the Phase III ISAAC questionnaire on asthma.
J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2005;15(3):201-10.

Carvajal-Uruena I, Garcia-Marcos L, Busquets-Monge R, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Garcia de Andoin N, Batlles-Garrido J, Blanco-Quiros A, Lopez-Silvarrey A, Garcia-Hernandez G, Guillen-Grimaj F, Gonzalez-Diaz C, Bellido-Blasco J.
Geographic variation in the prevalence of asthma symptoms in Spanish children and adolescents. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase 3, Spain
Arch Bronconeumol. 2005 Dec;41(12):659-66.

Garcia-Marcos L, Quiros AB, Hernandez GG, Guillen-Grima F, Diaz CG, Urena IC, Pena AA, Monge RB, Suarez-Varela MM, Varela AL, Cabanillas PG, Garrido JB.
Stabilization of asthma prevalence among adolescents and increase among schoolchildren (ISAAC phases I and III) in Spain.
Allergy. 2004 Dec;59(12):1301-7.

Arnedo-Pena A, Garcia-Marcos L, Blanco-Quiros A, Martinez Gimeno A, Aguinaga Ontoso I, Gonzalez Diaz C, Diaz-Vazquez C, Busquets-Monge R, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Batlles Garrido J, Lopez-Silvarrey Varela A, Garcia de Andoin N.
Time trends in prevalence of symptoms of allergic rhinitis in 13-14 year-old schoolchildren in 8 areas of Spain between 1993-1994 and 2001-2002 according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC)
Med Clin (Barc). 2004 Oct 16;123(13):490-5. Spanish.

Arnedo-Pena A, Garcia-Marcos L, Garcia Hernandez G, Aguinagua Ontoso I, Gonzalez Diaz C, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Dominguez Aurrecoechea B, Busquets Monge R, Blanco Quiros A, Batlles Garrido J, Miner Kanflanka I, Lopez-Silvarrey Varela A.
Time trends and geographical variations in the prevalence of symptoms of allergic rhinitis in 6-7-year-old children from eight areas of Spain according to the ISAAC
An Pediatr (Barc). 2005 Mar;62(3):229-36. Spanish.

Garcia-Marcos L, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Miner Canflanca I, Batlles Garrido J, Blanco Quiros A, Lopez-Silvarrey Varela A, Garcia Hernandez G, Guillen-Grima F, Gonzalez Diaz C, Huerta Gonzalez I, Arnedo Pena A, Busquets Monge R.
BCG Immunization at Birth and Atopic Diseases in a Homogeneous Population of Spanish Schoolchildren.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005 Jun 20;137(4):303-309

Martin Fernandez-Mayoralas D, Martin Caballero JM, Garcia-Marcos Alvarez L.Association between atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and asthma in schoolchildren aged 13-14 years old] An Pediatr (Barc). 2004 Mar;60(3):236-42. Spanish.

Busquets Monge RM, Vall Combelles O, Checa Vizcaino MA, Garcia Algar O. [Epidemiological features of exercise-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness in children aged 13-14 years old in Barcelona (Spain)] An Esp Pediatr. 2002 Apr;56(4):298-303. Spanish.

Garcia-Marcos Alvarez L, Martinez Torres A, Batlles Garrido J, Morales Suarez-Varela M, Garcia Hernandez G, Escribano Montaner A. [International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase II: Methodology and results of the participation rate in Spain] An Esp Pediatr. 2001 Nov;55(5):400-5. Spanish.
PHASE 2

Busquets RM, Anto JM, Sunyer J, Sancho N, Vall O. Prevalence of asthma-related symptoms and bronchial responsiveness to exercise in children aged 13-14 yrs in Barcelona, Spain.Eur Respir J. 1996 Oct;9(10):2094-8.

Gonzalez Diaz C, Sanchez Gonzalez E, Garcia Marcos L, Morato Rodriguez MD, Molina Zelaia I, Burgaleta Sagaseta A, Zaballa Gorordo J, Delgado Rubio A. Prevalence and severity of asthma in 13-14-year-old children in Bilbao. An Esp Pediatr. 1998 Jun;48(6):608-14. Spanish.

Aguinaga Ontoso I, Arnedo Pena A, Bellido J, Guillen Grima F, Suarez Varela MM. The prevalence of asthma-related symptoms in 13-14-year-old children from 9 Spanish populations. The Spanish Group of the ISAAC Study (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) Med Clin (Barc). 1999 Feb 13;112(5):171-5. Spanish.

Suarez-Varela MM, Gonzalez AL, Martinez Selva MI. Socioeconomic risk factors in the prevalence of asthma and other atopic diseases in children 6 to 7 years old in Valencia Spain. Eur J Epidemiol. 1999 Jan;15(1):35-40.

[No authors listed] Prevalence of symptoms suggestive of allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis in adolescents.
An Esp Pediatr. 1999 Oct;51(4):369-76. Spanish.

Fuertes Fernandez-Espinar J, Meriz Rubio J, Pardos Martinez C, Lopez Cortes V, Ricarte Diez J, Gonzalez Perez-Yarza E. Current prevalence of asthma, allergy and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in children aged 6 to 8 years old. An Esp Pediatr. 2001 Jan;54(1):18-26. Spanish.

 France

Martignon G, Catteau C, Debotte G, Duffaud B, Lebot F, Annesi-Maesano I.Childhood allergies in Reunion Island: is there any difference with metropolitan. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2004 Apr;52(2):127-37. French.

Jouaville LF, Annesi-Maesano I, Nguyen LT, Bocage AS, Bedu M, Caillaud D. Interrelationships among asthma, atopy, rhinitis and exhaled nitric oxide in a population-based sample of children. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Nov;33(11):1506-11. France
PHASE 2 

Nguyen L, Raherison C, Vernejoux JM, Tunon-De-Lara JM, Taytard A. [Impact of smoking habits on the every day life of asthmatic adolescents] Rev Mal Respir. 2002 Jun;19(3):301-9.

Prodanovic H, Raherison C, Vernejoux JM, Tunon de Lara JM, Taytard A. [Does the presence of a pet at home influence the prevalence of asthma and rhinitis?] Rev Mal Respir. 2002 Dec;19(6):735-40.

Raherison C, Tunon-de-Lara JM, Vernejoux JM, Taytard A. Practical evaluation of asthma exacerbation self-management in children and adolescents. Respir Med. 2000 Nov;94(11):1047-52.

Ramadour M, Burel C, Lanteaume A, Vervloet D, Charpin D, Brisse F, Dutau H, Charpin D. Prevalence of asthma and rhinitis in relation to long-term exposure to gaseous air pollutants. Allergy. 2000 Dec;55(12):1163-9

Finland

Pekkanen J, Remes ST, Husman T, Lindberg M, Kajosaari M, Koivikko A, Soininen L. Prevalence of asthma symptoms in video and written questionnaires among children in four regions of Finland.Eur Respir J. 1997 Aug;10(8):1787-94.

Remes ST, Korppi M, Kajosaari M, Koivikko A, Soininen L, Pekkanen J. Prevalence of allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis among children in four regions of Finland.Allergy. 1998 Jul;53(7):682-9.

Holanda

Van De Ven MO, Van Den Eijnden RJ, Engels RC.
Atopic diseases and related risk factors among Dutch adolescents.
Eur J Public Health. 2006 Mar 8

Tabak C, Wijga AH, de Meer G, Janssen NA, Brunekreef B, Smit HA.
Diet and asthma in Dutch school children (ISAAC-2).
Thorax. 2005 Oct 21;

Hungria

Harangi F, Lorinczy K, Lázár A, Orkényi M, Adonyi M, Sebok B. [Prevalence of childhood asthma in Baranya County, Hungary, between 2003 and 2006]Orv Hetil. 2007 Sep 2;148(35):1643-8.

Italy

Duse M, Donato F, Porteri V, Pirali F, Spinoni V, Tosoni C, Vettore M, Lombardi C.
High prevalence of atopy, but not of asthma, among children in an industrialized area in North Italy: the role of familial and environmental factors--a population-based study.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007 May;18(3):201-8.

Galassi C, Biggeri A, Ciccone G, Forastiere F; SIDRIA Phase 1 Collaborative Group.
Environment and respiratory diseases in childhood: the Italian experience.
Int J Occup Environ Health. 2005 Jan-Mar;11(1):103-6.

Cesaroni G, Farchi S, Davoli M, Forastiere F, Perucci CA. Individual and area-based indicators of socioeconomic status and childhood asthma. Eur Respir J. 2003 Oct;22(4):619-24.  Italia

Peroni DG, Piacentini GL, Alfonsi L, Zerman L, Di Blasi P, Visona' G, Nottegar F, Boner AL.Rhinitis in pre-school children: prevalence, association with allergic diseases and risk factors. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Oct;33(10):1349-54. Italia

Di Domenicantonio R, De Sario M, Sammarro S, Compagnucci P, Forastiere F, Pistelli R, Serra MG, Corbo G, Agabiti N, Perucci CA.Asthma and allergies in childhood in Rome: Italian contribution to the ISAAC II. Epidemiol Prev. 2003 Jul-Aug;27(4):226-33. Italian.
PHASE 2

[No authors listed] Asthma and respiratory symptoms in 6-7 yr old Italian children: gender, latitude, urbanization and socioeconomic factors. SIDRIA (Italian Studies on Respiratory Disorders in Childhood and the Environment) Eur Respir J. 1997 Aug;10(8):1780-6.

[No authors listed] Frequency of childhood asthma in various Italian regions. Results from ISAAC.Collaborating group of ISRDCE.Epidemiol Prev. 1997 Oct-Dec;21(4):235-42. Italian.

Peroni DG, Piacentini GL, Zizzo MG, Boner Al. Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in childhood in an urban area of north-east Italy.Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 1998 Apr;53(2):134-7.

Renzoni E, Forastiere F, Biggeri A, Viegi G, Bisanti L, Chellini E, Ciccone G, Corbo G, Galassi C, Rusconi F, Sestini P. Differences in parental- and self-report of asthma, rhinitis and eczema among Italian adolescents. SIDRIA collaborative group. Studi Italiani sui Disordini Respiratori dell' Infanzia e l'Ambiente.Eur Respir J. 1999 Sep;14(3):597-604.

Fuso L, de Rosa M, Corbo GM, Valente S, Forastiere F, Agabiti N, Pistelli R. Repeatability of the ISAAC video questionnaire and its accuracy against a clinical diagnosis of asthma.Respir Med. 2000 Apr;94(4):397-403.

Ireland

Manning PJ, Curran K, Kirby B, Taylor MR, Clancy L. Asthma, hay fever and eczema in Irish teenagers (ISAAC protocol).Ir Med J. 1997 Apr-May;90(3):110-2.

Kearney PM, Kearney PJ. The prevalence of asthma in schoolboys of travellers' families. Ir Med J. 1998 Dec;91(6):203-6.

Lithuania

Strumylaite L, Kregzdyte R, Kontrimaviciute A, Dudzevicius J, Vaitkaitiene E, Starkuviene S. [Atmosphere air pollution and health of Kaunas children] Medicina (Kaunas). 2003;39(1):83-9. Lithuanian.

Malta

Montefort S, Muscat HA, Caruana S, Lenicker H. Allergic conditions in 5-8-year-old Maltese schoolchildren: Prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors . Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2002 Apr;13(2):98-104.

Montefort S, Lenicker HM, Caruna S, Agius Muscat H. Asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Maltese 13-15 year-old schoolchildren -- prevalence, severity and associated factors . International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.Clin Exp Allergy. 1998 Sep;28(9):1089-99.

Grech V, Agius-Muscat H, Montefort S, Lenicker H. Recognition of asthmatic symptoms in the pediatric age group. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2001 Feb;12(1):49-53.

Norway

Tollefsen E, Bjermer L, Langhammer A, Johnsen R, Holmen TL.
Adolescent respiratory symptoms-girls are at risk: The Young-HUNT study, Norway.
Respir Med. 2005 Jul 20;

Nystad W, Nja F, Magnus P, Nafstad P. Baby swimming increases the risk of recurrent respiratory tract infections and otitis media.
Acta Paediatr. 2003 Aug;92(8):905-9.  Norway

Poland

Lis G, Pietrzyk JJ. [Evaluation of hyperresponsiveness to the exercise challenge test in school children].Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1997;65(1-2):53-60. Polish.

Lis G, Pietrzyk JJ. [The effect of air pollution on the prevalence of asthma in schoolchildren from Krakow].
Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1997;65(9-10):611-20. Polish.

Lis G, Breborowicz A, Swiatly A, Pietrzyk JJ, Alkiewicz J, Moczko J. [Prevalence of allergic diseases in schoolchildren in Krakow and Poznan].
Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1997;65(9-10):621-7. Polish.

Lis G, Pietrzyk JJ, Cichocka-Jarosz E, Szczerbinski T, Kwinta P. [Bronchial asthma: do boys or girls have the highest incidence] Przegl Lek. 1997;54(9):602-6. Polish.

Breborowicz A, Swiatly A, Alkiewicz J, Moczko J. [Use of a video questionnaire for assessment of asthma prevalence in school children as part of the ISAAC epidemiological study].Pneumonol Alergol Pol. 1998;66(7-8): 368-72. Polish.

Portugal

Fraga S, Ramos E, Martins A, Samúdio MJ, Silva G, Guedes J, Oliveira Fernandes E, Barros H. Indoor air quality and respiratory symptoms in Porto schools.Rev Port Pneumol. 2008 Jul-Aug;14(4):487-507.

de Almeida MM, Pinto JR.Bronchial asthma in children: clinical and epidemiologic approach in different Portuguese speaking countries.Pediatr Pulmonol Suppl. 1999;18:49-53.

  Rumania

Cherecheş-Panţa P, Popa MD, Iacob D, Mureşan M, Man SC, Farcău M, Indolean C, Ichim GE, Mireştean I, David L, Nanulescu MV. [Increase of the prevalence of bronchial asthma and related symptoms in students in Cluj-Napoca. Epidemiologic study with a five-years interval] Pneumologia. 2004 Jan-Mar;53(1):47-52.

Russia

Lasitsa OI, Akopian AZ. The interrelationship of bronchial hyperreactivity and wheezing in children.Lik Sprava. 1999 Sep;(6):60-4. Russian.

 Sweden

Larsson M, Hägerhed-Engman L, Sigsgaard T, Janson S, Sundell J, Bornehag CG. Incidence rates of asthma, rhinitis and eczema symptoms and influential factors in young children in Sweden.Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jul 3.

Hedman L, Lindgren B, Perzanowski M, Ronmark E.
Agreement between parental and self-completed questionnaires about asthma in teenagers.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Mar;16(2):176-81.

Ronmark E, Perzanowski M, Platts-Mills T, Lundback B.Incidence rates and risk factors for asthma among school children: a 2-year follow-up report from the obstructive lung disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) studies. Respir Med. 2002 Dec;96(12):1006-13.

Mai XM, Nilsson L, Kjellman NI, Bjorksten B.Hypertonic saline challenge tests in the diagnosis of bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma in children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2002 Oct;13(5):361-7.
PHASE 2

Nystad W, Stigum H, Carlsen KH.Increased level of bronchial responsiveness in inactive children with asthma. Respir Med. 2001 Oct;95(10):806-10.

Annus T, Bjorksten B, Mai XM, Nilsson L, Riikjarv MA, Sandin A, Braback L.Wheezing in relation to atopy and environmental factors in Estonian and Swedish schoolchildren. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001 Dec;31(12):1846-53.
PHASE 2

Ronmark E, Lundback B, Jonsson E, Platts-Mills T.Asthma, type-1 allergy and related conditions in 7- and 8-year-old children in northern Sweden: prevalence rates and risk factor pattern.

Bjorksten B, Dumitrascu D, Foucard T, Khetsuriani N, Khaitov R, Leja M, Lis G, Pekkanen J, Priftanji A, Riikjarv MA.Prevalence of childhood asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. Eur Respir J. 1998 Aug;12(2):432-7.

Ronmark E, Jonsson E, Platts-Mills T, Lundback B.Different pattern of risk factors for atopic and nonatopic asthma among children--report from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden Study. Allergy. 1999 Sep;54(9):926-35.

Hjern A, Haglund B, Hedlin G.Ethnicity, childhood environment and atopic disorder. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000 Apr;30(4):521-8

Braback L, Appelberg J, Jansson U, Kalvesten L.Changes in prevalence and severity of asthma among schoolchildren in a Swedish district between 1985 and 1995. Acta Paediatr. 2000 Apr;89(4):465-70.

 Switzerland

Mamie C, Habre W, Delhumeau C, Argiroffo CB, Morabia AIncidence and risk factors of perioperative respiratory adverse events in children undergoing elective surgery. Paediatr Anaesth. 2004 Mar;14(3):218-24.  Suiza

Braun-Fahrlander C, Wuthrich B, Gassner M, Grize L, Sennhauser FH, Varonier HS, Vuille JC. Validation of a rhinitis symptom questionnaire (ISAAC core questions) in a population of Swiss school children visiting the school health services. SCARPOL-team. Swiss Study on Childhood Allergy and Respiratory Symptom with respect to Air Pollution and Climate. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1997 May;8(2):75-82.

Braun-Fahrlander C, Gassner M, Grize L, Minder CE, Varonier HS, Vuille JC, Wuthrich B, Sennhauser FH. Comparison of responses to an asthma symptom questionnaire (ISAAC core questions) completed by adolescents and their parents. SCARPOL-Team. Swiss Study on Childhood Allergy and Respiratory Symptoms with respect to Air Pollution. Pediatr Pulmonol. 1998 Mar;25(3):159-66.

Turkey

Talay F, Kurt B, Tug T, Yilmaz F, Goksugur N. Prevalence and risk factors of asthma and allergic diseases among schoolchildren in Bolu, Turkey. Acta Paediatr. 2008 Apr;97(4):459-62.

Ones U, Akcay A, Tamay Z, Guler N, Zencir M.
Rising trend of asthma prevalence among Turkish schoolchildren (ISAAC phases I and III).
Allergy. 2006 Dec;61(12):1448-53

Kuyucu S, Saraclar Y, Tuncer A, Geyik PO, Adalioglu G, Akpinarli A, Sekerel BE, Sumbuloglu V.
Epidemiologic characteristics of rhinitis in Turkish children: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) phase 2.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2006 Jun;17(4):269-77.

Karaman O, Turgut CS, Uzuner N, Olmez D, Babayigit A, Kose S, Tezcan D.
The determination of asthma, rhinitis, eczema, and atopy prevalence in 9- to 11-year-old children in the city of Izmir.
Allergy Asthma Proc. 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):319-24.

Bayram I, Guneser-Kendirli S, Yilmaz M, Altintas DU, Alparslan N, Bingol-Karakoc G.
The prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in children of school age in Adana in southern Turkey.
Turk J Pediatr. 2004 Jul-Sep;46(3):221-5
 

Kuyucu S, Saraclar Y, Tuncer A, Sackesen C, Adalioglu G, Sumbuloglu V, Sekerel BE.Determinants of atopic sensitization in Turkish school children: effects of pre- and post-natal events and maternal atopy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2004 Feb;15(1):62-71. 
PHASE 2

Saraclar Y, Kuyucu S, Tuncer A, Sekerel B, Sackesen C, Kocabas C. Prevalence of asthmatic phenotypes and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in Turkish schoolchildren: an International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC)  study. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Nov;91(5):477-84. Erratum in: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2004 Jan;92(1):87.
PHASE 2

Ece A, Ceylan A, Saraclar Y, Saka G, Gurkan F, Haspolat K. Prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders among schoolchildren in Diyarbakir, Turkey. Turk J Pediatr. 2001 Oct-Dec;43(4):286-92.

Ones U, Sapan N, Somer A, Disci R, Salman N, Guler N, Yalcin I. Prevalence of childhood asthma in Istanbul, Turkey. Allergy. 1997 May;52(5):570-5.

Robertson CF, Dalton MF, Peat JK, Haby MM, Bauman A, Kennedy JD, Landau LI. Prevalence of asthma symptoms in school children in Ankara, Turkey. Respir Med. 1998 Feb;92(2):203-7.

Kalayci O, Saraclar Y, Sekerel BE, Adalioglu G, Kuyucu S, Egor G, Bozer HK, Tuncer A. Prevalence of asthma symptoms among Turkish Cypriot schoolchildren. Turk J Pediatr. 1999 Oct-Dec;41(4):413-20.

Ucrania

Dardynskaia I, Luk'ianova E, Antipkin Iu, Shkiriak-Nizhnik Z, Hryhorczuk D, Chislovskaia N, Matwyshyn-Fuoco M. [The prevalence of asthma-related symptoms among children in three Ukrainian cities with environmental problems (preliminary results)]Lik Sprava. 2007 Apr-May;(3):13-8.

 United Kingdom

Austin JB, Selvaraj S, Godden D, Russell G.
Deprivation, smoking, and quality of life in asthma.
Arch Dis Child. 2005 Mar;90(3):253-7.

Kurukulaaratchy RJ, Fenn M, Twiselton R, Matthews S, Arshad SH.
The prevalence of asthma and wheezing illnesses amongst 10-year-old schoolchildren. Respir Med. 2002 Mar;96(3):163-9.
PHASE 2

McCann D, McWhirter J, Coleman H, Devall I, Calvert M, Weare K, Warner J.The prevalence and management of asthma in primary-aged schoolchildren in the south of England. Health Educ Res. 2002 Apr;17(2):181-94.

Ng Man Kwong G, Das C, Proctor AR, Whyte MK, Primhak RA.Diagnostic and treatment behaviour in children with chronic respiratory symptoms: relationship with socioeconomic factors. Thorax. 2002 Aug;57(8):701-4.

Pearce N, Weiland S, Keil U, Langridge P, Anderson HR, Strachan D, Bauman A, Young L, Gluyas P, Ruffin D, et al.Self-reported prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Australia, England, Germany and New Zealand: an international comparison using the ISAAC protocol. Eur Respir J. 1993 Nov;6(10):1455-61.

Waldron G, Pottle B, Dod J.Asthma and the motorways--one District's experience.J Public Health Med. 1995 Mar;17(1):85-9. en Surrey (?)

Shamssain MH, Shamsian N.Prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema: the north east study. Arch Dis Child 1999 Oct;81(4):313-7

Austin JB, Kaur B, Anderson HR, Burr M, Harkins LS, Strachan DP, Warner JO.Hay fever, eczema, and wheeze: a nationwide UK study (ISAAC, international study of asthma and allergies in childhood). Arch Dis Child. 1999 Sep;81(3):225-30.

Shamssain MH, Shamsian N.Prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in 13- to 14-year-old schoolchildren from the northeast of England. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2001 Apr;86(4):428-32.

Ng Man Kwong G, Proctor A, Billings C, Duggan R, Das C, Whyte MK, Powell CV, Primhak R.Increasing prevalence of asthma diagnosis and symptoms in children is confined to mild symptoms. Thorax. 2001 Apr;56(4):312-4.

Jeffs D, Grainger R, Powell P.Is childhood allergy more common amongst an island population? J R Soc Health. 2000 Dec;120(4):236-41.

Oceany

 Australia

Vuillermin PJ, South M, Carlin JB, Biscan MI, Brennan SL, Robertson CF. Asthma among school children in the Barwon region of Victoria.Med J Aust. 2007 Aug 20;187(4):221-4

Valery PC, Purdie DM, Chang AB, Masters IB, Green A. Assessment of the diagnosis and prevalence of asthma in Australian indigenous children. J Clin Epidemiol. 2003 Jul;56(7):629-35. Australia

Ponsonby AL, Gatenby P, Glasgow N, Mullins R, Hurwitz M, McDonald T. The association between synthetic bedding and adverse respiratory outcomes among skin-prick test positive and skin-prick test negative children. Allergy. 2002 Mar;57(3):247-53.

Ponsonby AL, Kemp A, Dwyer T, Carmichael A, Couper D, Cochrane J. Feather bedding and house dust mite sensitization and airway disease in childhood. J Clin Epidemiol. 2002 Jun;55(6):556-62.

Pearce N, Weiland S, Keil U, Langridge P, Anderson HR, Strachan D, Bauman A, Young L, Gluyas P, Ruffin D, et al. Self-reported prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Australia, England, Germany and New Zealand: an international comparison using the ISAAC protocol.Eur Respir J. 1993 Nov;6(10):1455-61.

Jenkins MA, Clarke JR, Carlin JB, Robertson CF, Hopper JL, Dalton MF, Holst DP, Choi K, Giles GG. Validation of questionnaire and bronchial hyperresponsiveness against respiratory physician assessment in the diagnosis of asthma. Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Jun;25(3):609-16

Ponsonby AL, Couper D, Dwyer T, Carmichael A, Wood-Baker R. Exercise-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness and parental ISAAC questionnaire responses. Eur Respir J. 1996 Jul;9(7):1356-62.

 New Zealand

Pattemore PK, Ellison-Loschmann L, Asher MI, Barry DM, Clayton TO, Crane J, D'Souza WJ, Ellwood P, Ford RP, Mackay RJ, Mitchell EA, Moyes C, Pearce N, Stewart AW; ISAAC Study. Asthma prevalence in European, Maori, and Pacific children in New Zealand: ISAAC study. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 May;37(5):433-42.

Pearce N, Weiland S, Keil U, Langridge P, Anderson HR, Strachan D, Bauman A, Young L, Gluyas P, Ruffin D, et al. Self-reported prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Australia, England, Germany and New Zealand: an international comparison using the ISAAC protocol.Eur Respir J. 1993 Nov;6(10):1455-61.

Wilkie AT, Ford RP, Pattemore P, Schluter PJ, Town I, Graham P. Prevalence of childhood asthma symptoms in an industrial suburb of Christchurch. N Z Med J. 1995 May 24;108(1000):188-90.

Shaw R, Woodman K, Ayson M, Dibdin S, Winkelmann R, Crane J, Beasley R, Pearce N. Measuring the prevalence of bronchial hyper-responsiveness in children. Int J Epidemiol. 1995 Jun;24(3):597-602.

Moyes CD, Waldon J, Ramadas D, Crane J, Pearce N. Respiratory symptoms and environmental factors in schoolchildren in the Bay of Plenty. N Z Med J. 1995 Sep 8;108(1007):358-61.

Stewart AW, Asher MI, Clayton TO, Crane J, D'Souza W, Ellwood PE, Ford RP, Mitchell EA, Pattemore PK, Pearce N. The effect of season-of-response to ISAAC questions about asthma, rhinitis and eczema in children.
Int J Epidemiol. 1997 Feb;26(1):126-36.

Wickens K, Pearce N, Siebers R, Ellis I, Patchett K, Sawyer G, Stone L, Tohill S, Kennedy J, Slater T, Lewis S, Fitzharris P, Crane J. Indoor environment, atopy and the risk of the asthma in children in New Zealand.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1999 Aug;10(3):199-208.

Asher MI, Barry D, Clayton T, Crane J, D'Souza W, Ellwood P, Ford RP, Mackay R, Mitchell EA, Moyes C, Pattemore P, Pearce N, Stewart AW. The burden of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivities and atopic eczema in children and adolescents in six New Zealand centres: ISAAC Phase One. N Z Med J. 2001 Mar 23;114(1128):114-20.

Wickens K, Crane J, Kemp T, Lewis S, D'Souza W, Sawyer G, Stone L, Tohill S, Kennedy J, Slater T, Rains N, Pearce N. A case-control study of risk factors for asthma in New Zealand children. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2001;25(1):44-9. 

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